Martinson, Moa

(1890-1964)
   A Swedish novelist and poet, Martinson came from a background of abject poverty in the slums of the town of Norrkoping. She gave birth to five children, two of whom drowned in a creek, and she experienced the gruesome suicide ofher first husband, who blew himself up with dynamite. In spite of all her adversity, Martinson worked hard to educate herself and wrote articles for the socialist and anarchist press. She married writer Harry Martinson in 1929; they were later divorced.
   Moa Martinson's first novel, Kvinnor och appeltrad (1933, tr. Women and Apple Trees, 1985), portrayed the lives of working-class women. In its sequel, Sallys soner (1934; Sally's Sons), she offers frank depictions of female desire, pregnancy, and birth. Ragvakt (1935; Rye Watch) portrays the hard life ofagricultural laborers. The frank presentation of female eroticism is continued in Drottning Gragyllen (1937; Queen Greygolden), which uses fairy tales and folklore legends in the creation of a woman character who returns to her childhood haunts as an old woman, the mythic Queen Greygolden. Supposedly "shameful" aspects of female sexuality also inform Martinson s only poetry collection, Motsols (1937; Counterclockwise).
   Also in the 1930s Martinson wrote an autobiographical trilogy consisting of Mor gifter sig (1936; tr. My Mother Gets Married, 1988), Kyrkbrollop (1938; Church Wedding), and Kungens rosor (1939; The King's Roses), the protagonist of which is a very strong and capable woman similar to Martinson herself. One of its great contributions to Swedish literature was its depiction of working-class life from a woman s perspective. Another autobiographical series of novels was published in the 1940s and 1950s. Consisting ofthe volumes Den osynlige aälskaren (1943; The Invisible Lover), Du aär den enda (1952; You Are the Only One), Klockor vid sidenvägen (1957; Bells along the Silk Road), and Hemligheten (1959; The Secret), this series made use of Martinson's experiences during the early years of her first marriage.
   Martinson's "Ostergotland Epic" uses characters from Drottning Gragyllen and Kvinnor och appeltrad, It comprises three novels in which she tells about life in her home district: Vägen under stjarnorna (1940; The Road beneath the Stars), Brandliljor (1941; Fire Lilies), and Livets fest (1949; The Celebration of Life). This trilogy is also a family saga, as it tells about several generations ofpeople from the same farm. Other novels that make use of Martinson s own life experience are Armen vid horisonten (1942; The Army at the Horizon), Bakom svenskvallen (1944; Behind Swedish Fortifications), and Kaärlek mellan krigen (1947; Love between the Wars).

Historical Dictionary of Scandinavian Literature and Theater. . 2006.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Martinson, Moa — ▪ Swedish author original name  Helga Swartz   born Nov. 2, 1890, Vardnass, Swed. died Aug. 5, 1964, Södertälje       Swedish novelist who was among the first to write about the agricultural labourer, the landless worker of the Swedish… …   Universalium

  • Moa Martinson — Statue of Moa Martinsson in Norrköping Helga Maria Swarts, known as Moa Martinson, (2 November 1890, Vårdnäs 5 August 1964) was a Swedish author. Helga s ambitions as a writer was to change the society and with her authorship portray the… …   Wikipedia

  • Moa Martinson — (1957) Moa Martinson (Geburtsname: Helga Svarts) (* 2. November 1890 in Östergötland; † 5. August 1964 in Södermanland) war eine schwedische Schriftstellerin. Biografie …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Moa Martinson — Moa Martinsson. Moa Martinson (Helga Maria Swartz) (1890–1964), escritora sueca. Publicó veinte novelas sobre la dura vida cotidiana de la mujer en la industria y en el campo. Destaca su trilogía autobiográfica Mor gifter sig (Mamá se casa), 1936 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Martinson — is an English surname. It may refer to: Alfred Martinson, served in the United States Army during World War I Allan Martinson, Estonian venture capitalist Connie Martinson, American writer and television personality Gloria Martinson, American… …   Wikipedia

  • Moa Martinson — (Helga Maria Swartz) (1890–1964), escritora sueca. Publicó veinte novelas sobre la dura vida cotidiana de la mujer en la industria y en el campo. Destaca su trilogía autobiográfica Mor gifter sig (Mamá se casa), 1936, Kyrkbröllop (Boda en la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Martinson, Harry — (1904 1978)    Generally recognized as one of the leading figures in 20th century Swedish literature, Martinson wrote poetry, novels, dramas, and essays, for which he was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1974. He was one of several self educated… …   Historical Dictionary of Scandinavian Literature and Theater

  • Moa (disambiguation) — Contents 1 Animals 2 Places 3 People 3.1 Surname …   Wikipedia

  • Martinson, Harry — ▪ Swedish author in full  Harry Edmund Martinson   born May 6, 1904, Jämshög, Swed. died Feb. 11, 1978, Stockholm       Swedish novelist and poet who was the first self taught, working class writer to be elected to the Swedish Academy (1949).… …   Universalium

  • Martinson — Mạrtinson,   1) Harry Edmund, schwedischer Schriftsteller, * Jämshög (Län Blekinge) 6. 5. 1904, ✝ Stockholm 11. 2. 1978; ging nach einer schweren Kindheit und Jugend 16 jährig zur See und kehrte nach vielen Reisen, u. a. nach Südamerika und… …   Universal-Lexikon

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